What are mutual funds and features of ETF investments

Ruby McKenzie
4 Min Read

Investing wisely is a key component of building a secure financial future, and investment in mutual fund has emerged as a popular and effective way for individuals to participate in the financial markets and move towards their goals in a steady way.

Mutual fund is of two types – active and passive funds. The steps to getting started with a mutual fund investmenteither active or passive are as follows –

a. Define Your Financial Goals: Clearly articulate your investment objectives, whether they are long-term growth, regular income, or a mix of both.

b. Risk Tolerance: Assess your risk tolerance to align your mutual fund investment choices with your comfort level.

c. Research Funds: Understand the mutual fundscheme’s investment strategy, historical performance, and fees before making a decision.

d. Choose the Right Fund: Select and invest in mutual funds that align with your financial goals and risk appetite.

Investment Strategies: When you want to invest in mutual funds, here are some strategies to keep in mind-

a. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Invest a fixed amount at regular intervals, to benefit from rupee-cost averaging. SIP is available in active funds but it is not allowed in passive funds like ETF.

b. Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Receive a fixed amount at regular intervals, providing a steady income stream. SWP is not possible from ETF schemes.

Monitoring and Review:

a. Regularly review your Portfolio: Periodically assess your portfolio’s performance and rebalance if necessary.

b. Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends, economic conditions, and any changes in the mutual fund you have invested in.

Risk Awareness:

a. Understand Market Risks: Be aware that mutual fund values can fluctuate based on market conditions.

b. Diversify Your Investments: Spread yourmutual fund investments across different asset classes to mitigate risk.

In the dynamic world of finance, investors seek innovative and efficient ways to diversify their portfolios and achieve their financial goals. Exchange traded fund or ETF have emerged as a popular investment vehicle, offering a unique blend of flexibility, liquidity, and diversification.

Exchange traded fund commonly known as ETFs, are mutual fund schemes traded on stock exchanges, much like individual stocks. ETFs combine the features of mutual fund and stocks, providing investors with exposure to a diversified portfolio of assets, such as stocks, bonds, or commodities.

Key Features of ETF:

a. Liquidity: ETFs trade on stock exchanges throughout the trading day, allowing investors to buy and sell shares at market prices.

b. Diversification: ETFs typically track an index or a basket of assets, offering instant diversification across various securities.

c. Transparency: The holdings of an ETF are disclosed daily, providing investors with transparency regarding the fund’s underlying assets.

d. Low Expense Ratios: ETF often have lower expense ratios compared to traditional mutual funds, making them cost-effective investment options.

e. Flexibility: ETFs can be bought or sold on the stock exchange at any time during market hours.


Exchange-Traded Fund or ETF has transformed the investment landscape, offering investors a versatile and cost-effective tool to achieve diversification and manage risk. By understanding the features, types, and benefits of ETFmutual fund schemes, investors can make informed decisions to optimize their portfolios and navigate the ever-changing financial markets. As with any investment, thorough research, a clear investment strategy, and a long-term perspective is essential for success in the world of ETFs.

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